Flume1.5.0的安装、部署、简单应用(含伪分布式、与hadoop2.2.0、hbase0.96的案例)

Flume1.5.0的安装、部署、简单应用(含伪分布式、与hadoop2.2.0、hbase0.96的案例)

目录

前言

什么是Flume?

  flume 作为 cloudera 开发的实时日志收集系统,受到了业界的认可与广泛应用。Flume 初始的发行版本目前被统称为 Flume OG(original generation),属于 cloudera。但随着 FLume 功能的扩展,Flume OG 代码工程臃肿、核心组件设计不合理、核心配置不标准等缺点暴露出来,尤其是在 Flume OG 的最后一个发行版本 0.94.0 中,日志传输不稳定的现象尤为严重,为了解决这些问题,2011 年 10 月 22 号,cloudera 完成了 Flume-728,对 Flume 进行了里程碑式的改动:重构核心组件、核心配置以及代码架构,重构后的版本统称为 Flume NG(next generation);改动的另一原因是将 Flume 纳入 apache 旗下,cloudera Flume 改名为 Apache Flume

Flume的特点

  flume是一个分布式、可靠、和高可用的海量日志采集、聚合和传输的系统。支持在日志系统中定制各类数据发送方,用于收集数据;同时,Flume提供对数据进行简单处理,并写到各种数据接受方(比如文本、HDFS、Hbase等)的能力 。
  flume的数据流由事件(Event)贯穿始终。事件是Flume的基本数据单位,它携带日志数据(字节数组形式)并且携带有头信息,这些Event由Agent外部的Source生成,当Source捕获事件后会进行特定的格式化,然后Source会把事件推入(单个或多个)Channel中。你可以把Channel看作是一个缓冲区,它将保存事件直到Sink处理完该事件。Sink负责持久化日志或者把事件推向另一个Source。
  

Flume的可靠性

  当节点出现故障时,日志能够被传送到其他节点上而不会丢失。Flume提供了三种级别的可靠性保障,从强到弱依次分别为:end-to-end(收到数据agent首先将event写到磁盘上,当数据传送成功后,再删除;如果数据发送失败,可以重新发送。),Store on failure(这也是scribe采用的策略,当数据接收方crash时,将数据写到本地,待恢复后,继续发送),Besteffort(数据发送到接收方后,不会进行确认)。
  

Flume的可恢复性

  还是靠Channel。推荐使用FileChannel,事件持久化在本地文件系统里(性能较差)。
  

Flume的一些核心概念

  • Agent使用JVM 运行Flume。每台机器运行一个agent,但是可以在一个agent中包含多个sources和sinks。
  • Client生产数据,运行在一个独立的线程。
  • Source从Client收集数据,传递给Channel。
  • Sink从Channel收集数据,运行在一个独立线程。
  • Channel连接 sources 和 sinks ,这个有点像一个队列。
    Events可以是日志记录、 avro 对象等。

  Flume以agent为最小的独立运行单位。一个agent就是一个JVM。单agent由Source、Sink和Channel三大组件构成。
  
  值得注意的是,Flume提供了大量内置的Source、Channel和Sink类型。不同类型的Source,Channel和Sink可以自由组合。组合方式基于用户设置的配置文件,非常灵活。比如:Channel可以把事件暂存在内存里,也可以持久化到本地硬盘上。Sink可以把日志写入HDFS, HBase,甚至是另外一个Source等等。Flume支持用户建立多级流,也就是说,多个agent可以协同工作,并且支持Fan-in、Fan-out、Contextual Routing、Backup Routes,这也正是NB之处。
  

Flume的官方网站在哪里?

  http://flume.apache.org/
  

Flume在哪里下载?

  http://www.apache.org/dyn/closer.cgi/flume/1.5.0/apache-flume-1.5.0-bin.tar.gz
  

Flume如何安装

    1)将下载的flume包,解压到/home/hadoop目录中,你就已经完成了50%:)简单吧

    2)修改 flume-env.sh 配置文件,主要是JAVA_HOME变量设置

ou under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
# "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
# with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
#
#     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
# limitations under the License.

# If this file is placed at FLUME_CONF_DIR/flume-env.sh, it will be sourced
# during Flume startup.

# Enviroment variables can be set here.

JAVA_HOME=/usr/lib/jvm/java-7-oracle

# Give Flume more memory and pre-allocate, enable remote monitoring via JMX
#JAVA_OPTS="-Xms100m -Xmx200m -Dcom.sun.management.jmxremote"

# Note that the Flume conf directory is always included in the classpath.
#FLUME_CLASSPATH=""

    3)验证是否安装成功

root@m1:/home/hadoop# /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/bin/flume-ng version
Flume 1.5.0
Source code repository: https://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/flume.git
Revision: 8633220df808c4cd0c13d1cf0320454a94f1ea97
Compiled by hshreedharan on Wed May  7 14:49:18 PDT 2014
From source with checksum a01fe726e4380ba0c9f7a7d222db961f
root@m1:/home/hadoop#

    出现上面的信息,表示安装成功了

Flume的案例

案例1:Avro

    Avro可以发送一个给定的文件给Flume,Avro 源使用AVRO RPC机制。
      a)创建agent配置文件

root@m1:/home/hadoop#vi /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/conf/avro.conf

a1.sources = r1
a1.sinks = k1
a1.channels = c1

# Describe/configure the source
a1.sources.r1.type = avro
a1.sources.r1.channels = c1
a1.sources.r1.bind = 0.0.0.0
a1.sources.r1.port = 4141

# Describe the sink
a1.sinks.k1.type = logger

# Use a channel which buffers events in memory
a1.channels.c1.type = memory
a1.channels.c1.capacity = 1000
a1.channels.c1.transactionCapacity = 100

# Bind the source and sink to the channel
a1.sources.r1.channels = c1
a1.sinks.k1.channel = c1

      b)启动flume agent a1

root@m1:/home/hadoop# /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/bin/flume-ng agent -c . -f /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/conf/avro.conf -n a1 -Dflume.root.logger=INFO,console

      c)创建指定文件

root@m1:/home/hadoop# echo "hello world" > /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/log.00

      d)使用avro-client发送文件

root@m1:/home/hadoop# /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/bin/flume-ng avro-client -c . -H m1 -p 4141 -F /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/log.00

      f)在m1的控制台,可以看到以下信息,注意最后一行:

root@m1:/home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/conf# /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/bin/flume-ng agent -c . -f /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/conf/avro.conf -n a1 -Dflume.root.logger=INFO,console
Info: Sourcing environment configuration script /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/conf/flume-env.sh
Info: Including Hadoop libraries found via (/home/hadoop/hadoop-2.2.0/bin/hadoop) for HDFS access
Info: Excluding /home/hadoop/hadoop-2.2.0/share/hadoop/common/lib/slf4j-api-1.7.5.jar from classpath
Info: Excluding /home/hadoop/hadoop-2.2.0/share/hadoop/common/lib/slf4j-log4j12-1.7.5.jar from classpath
...
2014-08-10 10:43:25,112 (New I/O  worker #1) [INFO - org.apache.avro.ipc.NettyServer$NettyServerAvroHandler.handleUpstream(NettyServer.java:171)] [id: 0x92464c4f, /192.168.1.50:59850 :> /192.168.1.50:4141] UNBOUND
2014-08-10 10:43:25,112 (New I/O  worker #1) [INFO - org.apache.avro.ipc.NettyServer$NettyServerAvroHandler.handleUpstream(NettyServer.java:171)] [id: 0x92464c4f, /192.168.1.50:59850 :> /192.168.1.50:4141] CLOSED
2014-08-10 10:43:25,112 (New I/O  worker #1) [INFO - org.apache.avro.ipc.NettyServer$NettyServerAvroHandler.channelClosed(NettyServer.java:209)] Connection to /192.168.1.50:59850 disconnected.
2014-08-10 10:43:26,718 (SinkRunner-PollingRunner-DefaultSinkProcessor) [INFO - org.apache.flume.sink.LoggerSink.process(LoggerSink.java:70)] Event: { headers:{} body: 68 65 6C 6C 6F 20 77 6F 72 6C 64                hello world }

案例2:Spool

    Spool监测配置的目录下新增的文件,并将文件中的数据读取出来。需要注意两点:
    1) 拷贝到spool目录下的文件不可以再打开编辑。
    2) spool目录下不可包含相应的子目录
      a)创建agent配置文件

root@m1:/home/hadoop# vi /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/conf/spool.conf

a1.sources = r1
a1.sinks = k1
a1.channels = c1

# Describe/configure the source
a1.sources.r1.type = spooldir
a1.sources.r1.channels = c1
a1.sources.r1.spoolDir = /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/logs
a1.sources.r1.fileHeader = true

# Describe the sink
a1.sinks.k1.type = logger

# Use a channel which buffers events in memory
a1.channels.c1.type = memory
a1.channels.c1.capacity = 1000
a1.channels.c1.transactionCapacity = 100

# Bind the source and sink to the channel
a1.sources.r1.channels = c1
a1.sinks.k1.channel = c1

      b)启动flume agent a1

root@m1:/home/hadoop# /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/bin/flume-ng agent -c . -f /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/conf/spool.conf -n a1 -Dflume.root.logger=INFO,console

      c)追加文件到/home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/logs目录

root@m1:/home/hadoop# echo "spool test1" > /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/logs/spool_text.log

      d)在m1的控制台,可以看到以下相关信息:

14/08/10 11:37:13 INFO source.SpoolDirectorySource: Spooling Directory Source runner has shutdown.
14/08/10 11:37:13 INFO source.SpoolDirectorySource: Spooling Directory Source runner has shutdown.
14/08/10 11:37:14 INFO avro.ReliableSpoolingFileEventReader: Preparing to move file /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/logs/spool_text.log to /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/logs/spool_text.log.COMPLETED
14/08/10 11:37:14 INFO source.SpoolDirectorySource: Spooling Directory Source runner has shutdown.
14/08/10 11:37:14 INFO source.SpoolDirectorySource: Spooling Directory Source runner has shutdown.
14/08/10 11:37:14 INFO sink.LoggerSink: Event: { headers:{file=/home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/logs/spool_text.log} body: 73 70 6F 6F 6C 20 74 65 73 74 31                spool test1 }
14/08/10 11:37:15 INFO source.SpoolDirectorySource: Spooling Directory Source runner has shutdown.
14/08/10 11:37:15 INFO source.SpoolDirectorySource: Spooling Directory Source runner has shutdown.
14/08/10 11:37:16 INFO source.SpoolDirectorySource: Spooling Directory Source runner has shutdown.
14/08/10 11:37:16 INFO source.SpoolDirectorySource: Spooling Directory Source runner has shutdown.
14/08/10 11:37:17 INFO source.SpoolDirectorySource: Spooling Directory Source runner has shutdown.

案例3:Exec

    EXEC执行一个给定的命令获得输出的源,如果要使用tail命令,必选使得file足够大才能看到输出内容
      a)创建agent配置文件

root@m1:/home/hadoop# vi /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/conf/exec_tail.conf

a1.sources = r1
a1.sinks = k1
a1.channels = c1

# Describe/configure the source
a1.sources.r1.type = exec
a1.sources.r1.channels = c1
a1.sources.r1.command = tail -F /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/log_exec_tail

# Describe the sink
a1.sinks.k1.type = logger

# Use a channel which buffers events in memory
a1.channels.c1.type = memory
a1.channels.c1.capacity = 1000
a1.channels.c1.transactionCapacity = 100

# Bind the source and sink to the channel
a1.sources.r1.channels = c1
a1.sinks.k1.channel = c1

      b)启动flume agent a1

root@m1:/home/hadoop# /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/bin/flume-ng agent -c . -f /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/conf/exec_tail.conf -n a1 -Dflume.root.logger=INFO,console

      c)生成足够多的内容在文件里

root@m1:/home/hadoop# for i in {1..100};do echo "exec tail$i" >> /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/log_exec_tail;echo $i;sleep 0.1;done

      d)在m1的控制台,可以看到以下信息:

2014-08-10 10:59:25,513 (SinkRunner-PollingRunner-DefaultSinkProcessor) [INFO - org.apache.flume.sink.LoggerSink.process(LoggerSink.java:70)] Event: { headers:{} body: 65 78 65 63 20 74 61 69 6C 20 74 65 73 74       exec tail test }
2014-08-10 10:59:34,535 (SinkRunner-PollingRunner-DefaultSinkProcessor) [INFO - org.apache.flume.sink.LoggerSink.process(LoggerSink.java:70)] Event: { headers:{} body: 65 78 65 63 20 74 61 69 6C 20 74 65 73 74       exec tail test }
2014-08-10 11:01:40,557 (SinkRunner-PollingRunner-DefaultSinkProcessor) [INFO - org.apache.flume.sink.LoggerSink.process(LoggerSink.java:70)] Event: { headers:{} body: 65 78 65 63 20 74 61 69 6C 31                   exec tail1 }
2014-08-10 11:01:41,180 (SinkRunner-PollingRunner-DefaultSinkProcessor) [INFO - org.apache.flume.sink.LoggerSink.process(LoggerSink.java:70)] Event: { headers:{} body: 65 78 65 63 20 74 61 69 6C 32                   exec tail2 }
2014-08-10 11:01:41,180 (SinkRunner-PollingRunner-DefaultSinkProcessor) [INFO - org.apache.flume.sink.LoggerSink.process(LoggerSink.java:70)] Event: { headers:{} body: 65 78 65 63 20 74 61 69 6C 33                   exec tail3 }
2014-08-10 11:01:41,181 (SinkRunner-PollingRunner-DefaultSinkProcessor) [INFO - org.apache.flume.sink.LoggerSink.process(LoggerSink.java:70)] Event: { headers:{} body: 65 78 65 63 20 74 61 69 6C 34                   exec tail4 }
2014-08-10 11:01:41,181 (SinkRunner-PollingRunner-DefaultSinkProcessor) [INFO - org.apache.flume.sink.LoggerSink.process(LoggerSink.java:70)] Event: { headers:{} body: 65 78 65 63 20 74 61 69 6C 35                   exec tail5 }
2014-08-10 11:01:41,181 (SinkRunner-PollingRunner-DefaultSinkProcessor) [INFO - org.apache.flume.sink.LoggerSink.process(LoggerSink.java:70)] Event: { headers:{} body: 65 78 65 63 20 74 61 69 6C 36                   exec tail6 }
....
....
....
2014-08-10 11:01:51,550 (SinkRunner-PollingRunner-DefaultSinkProcessor) [INFO - org.apache.flume.sink.LoggerSink.process(LoggerSink.java:70)] Event: { headers:{} body: 65 78 65 63 20 74 61 69 6C 39 36                exec tail96 }
2014-08-10 11:01:51,550 (SinkRunner-PollingRunner-DefaultSinkProcessor) [INFO - org.apache.flume.sink.LoggerSink.process(LoggerSink.java:70)] Event: { headers:{} body: 65 78 65 63 20 74 61 69 6C 39 37                exec tail97 }
2014-08-10 11:01:51,551 (SinkRunner-PollingRunner-DefaultSinkProcessor) [INFO - org.apache.flume.sink.LoggerSink.process(LoggerSink.java:70)] Event: { headers:{} body: 65 78 65 63 20 74 61 69 6C 39 38                exec tail98 }
2014-08-10 11:01:51,551 (SinkRunner-PollingRunner-DefaultSinkProcessor) [INFO - org.apache.flume.sink.LoggerSink.process(LoggerSink.java:70)] Event: { headers:{} body: 65 78 65 63 20 74 61 69 6C 39 39                exec tail99 }
2014-08-10 11:01:51,551 (SinkRunner-PollingRunner-DefaultSinkProcessor) [INFO - org.apache.flume.sink.LoggerSink.process(LoggerSink.java:70)] Event: { headers:{} body: 65 78 65 63 20 74 61 69 6C 31 30 30             exec tail100 }

案例4:Syslogtcp

    Syslogtcp监听TCP的端口做为数据源
      a)创建agent配置文件

root@m1:/home/hadoop# vi /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/conf/syslog_tcp.conf
a1.sources = r1
a1.sinks = k1
a1.channels = c1

# Describe/configure the source
a1.sources.r1.type = syslogtcp
a1.sources.r1.port = 5140
a1.sources.r1.host = localhost
a1.sources.r1.channels = c1

# Describe the sink
a1.sinks.k1.type = logger

# Use a channel which buffers events in memory
a1.channels.c1.type = memory
a1.channels.c1.capacity = 1000
a1.channels.c1.transactionCapacity = 100

# Bind the source and sink to the channel
a1.sources.r1.channels = c1
a1.sinks.k1.channel = c1

      b)启动flume agent a1

root@m1:/home/hadoop# /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/bin/flume-ng agent -c . -f /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/conf/syslog_tcp.conf -n a1 -Dflume.root.logger=INFO,console

      c)测试产生syslog

root@m1:/home/hadoop# echo "hello idoall.org syslog" | nc localhost 5140

      d)在m1的控制台,可以看到以下信息:

14/08/10 11:41:45 INFO node.PollingPropertiesFileConfigurationProvider: Reloading configuration file:/home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/conf/syslog_tcp.conf
14/08/10 11:41:45 INFO conf.FlumeConfiguration: Added sinks: k1 Agent: a1
14/08/10 11:41:45 INFO conf.FlumeConfiguration: Processing:k1
14/08/10 11:41:45 INFO conf.FlumeConfiguration: Processing:k1
14/08/10 11:41:45 INFO conf.FlumeConfiguration: Post-validation flume configuration contains configuration for agents: [a1]
14/08/10 11:41:45 INFO node.AbstractConfigurationProvider: Creating channels
14/08/10 11:41:45 INFO channel.DefaultChannelFactory: Creating instance of channel c1 type memory
14/08/10 11:41:45 INFO node.AbstractConfigurationProvider: Created channel c1
14/08/10 11:41:45 INFO source.DefaultSourceFactory: Creating instance of source r1, type syslogtcp
14/08/10 11:41:45 INFO sink.DefaultSinkFactory: Creating instance of sink: k1, type: logger
14/08/10 11:41:45 INFO node.AbstractConfigurationProvider: Channel c1 connected to [r1, k1]
14/08/10 11:41:45 INFO node.Application: Starting new configuration:{ sourceRunners:{r1=EventDrivenSourceRunner: { source:org.apache.flume.source.SyslogTcpSource{name:r1,state:IDLE} }} sinkRunners:{k1=SinkRunner: { policy:org.apache.flume.sink.DefaultSinkProcessor@6538b14 counterGroup:{ name:null counters:{} } }} channels:{c1=org.apache.flume.channel.MemoryChannel{name: c1}} }
14/08/10 11:41:45 INFO node.Application: Starting Channel c1
14/08/10 11:41:45 INFO instrumentation.MonitoredCounterGroup: Monitored counter group for type: CHANNEL, name: c1: Successfully registered new MBean.
14/08/10 11:41:45 INFO instrumentation.MonitoredCounterGroup: Component type: CHANNEL, name: c1 started
14/08/10 11:41:45 INFO node.Application: Starting Sink k1
14/08/10 11:41:45 INFO node.Application: Starting Source r1
14/08/10 11:41:45 INFO source.SyslogTcpSource: Syslog TCP Source starting...
14/08/10 11:42:15 WARN source.SyslogUtils: Event created from Invalid Syslog data.
14/08/10 11:42:15 INFO sink.LoggerSink: Event: { headers:{Severity=0, flume.syslog.status=Invalid, Facility=0} body: 68 65 6C 6C 6F 20 69 64 6F 61 6C 6C 2E 6F 72 67 hello idoall.org }

案例5:JSONHandler

      a)创建agent配置文件

root@m1:/home/hadoop# vi /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/conf/post_json.conf
a1.sources = r1
a1.sinks = k1
a1.channels = c1

# Describe/configure the source
a1.sources.r1.type = org.apache.flume.source.http.HTTPSource
a1.sources.r1.port = 8888
a1.sources.r1.channels = c1

# Describe the sink
a1.sinks.k1.type = logger

# Use a channel which buffers events in memory
a1.channels.c1.type = memory
a1.channels.c1.capacity = 1000
a1.channels.c1.transactionCapacity = 100

# Bind the source and sink to the channel
a1.sources.r1.channels = c1
a1.sinks.k1.channel = c1

      b)启动flume agent a1

root@m1:/home/hadoop# /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/bin/flume-ng agent -c . -f /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/conf/post_json.conf -n a1 -Dflume.root.logger=INFO,console

      c)生成JSON 格式的POST request

root@m1:/home/hadoop# curl -X POST -d '[{ "headers" :{"a" : "a1","b" : "b1"},"body" : "idoall.org_body"}]' http://localhost:8888

      d)在m1的控制台,可以看到以下信息:

14/08/10 11:49:59 INFO node.Application: Starting Channel c1
14/08/10 11:49:59 INFO instrumentation.MonitoredCounterGroup: Monitored counter group for type: CHANNEL, name: c1: Successfully registered new MBean.
14/08/10 11:49:59 INFO instrumentation.MonitoredCounterGroup: Component type: CHANNEL, name: c1 started
14/08/10 11:49:59 INFO node.Application: Starting Sink k1
14/08/10 11:49:59 INFO node.Application: Starting Source r1
14/08/10 11:49:59 INFO mortbay.log: Logging to org.slf4j.impl.Log4jLoggerAdapter(org.mortbay.log) via org.mortbay.log.Slf4jLog
14/08/10 11:49:59 INFO mortbay.log: jetty-6.1.26
14/08/10 11:50:00 INFO mortbay.log: Started SelectChannelConnector@0.0.0.0:8888
14/08/10 11:50:00 INFO instrumentation.MonitoredCounterGroup: Monitored counter group for type: SOURCE, name: r1: Successfully registered new MBean.
14/08/10 11:50:00 INFO instrumentation.MonitoredCounterGroup: Component type: SOURCE, name: r1 started
14/08/10 12:14:32 INFO sink.LoggerSink: Event: { headers:{b=b1, a=a1} body: 69 64 6F 61 6C 6C 2E 6F 72 67 5F 62 6F 64 79    idoall.org_body }

案例6:Hadoop sink

    其中关于hadoop2.2.0部分的安装部署,请参考文章《ubuntu12.04+hadoop2.2.0+zookeeper3.4.5+hbase0.96.2+hive0.13.1分布式环境部署
      a)创建agent配置文件

root@m1:/home/hadoop# vi /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/conf/hdfs_sink.conf
a1.sources = r1
a1.sinks = k1
a1.channels = c1

# Describe/configure the source
a1.sources.r1.type = syslogtcp
a1.sources.r1.port = 5140
a1.sources.r1.host = localhost
a1.sources.r1.channels = c1

# Describe the sink
a1.sinks.k1.type = hdfs
a1.sinks.k1.channel = c1
a1.sinks.k1.hdfs.path = hdfs://m1:9000/user/flume/syslogtcp
a1.sinks.k1.hdfs.filePrefix = Syslog
a1.sinks.k1.hdfs.round = true
a1.sinks.k1.hdfs.roundValue = 10
a1.sinks.k1.hdfs.roundUnit = minute

# Use a channel which buffers events in memory
a1.channels.c1.type = memory
a1.channels.c1.capacity = 1000
a1.channels.c1.transactionCapacity = 100

# Bind the source and sink to the channel
a1.sources.r1.channels = c1
a1.sinks.k1.channel = c1

      b)启动flume agent a1

root@m1:/home/hadoop# /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/bin/flume-ng agent -c . -f /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/conf/hdfs_sink.conf -n a1 -Dflume.root.logger=INFO,console

      c)测试产生syslog

root@m1:/home/hadoop# echo "hello idoall flume -> hadoop testing one" | nc localhost 51

      d)在m1的控制台,可以看到以下信息:

14/08/10 12:20:39 INFO instrumentation.MonitoredCounterGroup: Monitored counter group for type: CHANNEL, name: c1: Successfully registered new MBean.
14/08/10 12:20:39 INFO instrumentation.MonitoredCounterGroup: Component type: CHANNEL, name: c1 started
14/08/10 12:20:39 INFO node.Application: Starting Sink k1
14/08/10 12:20:39 INFO node.Application: Starting Source r1
14/08/10 12:20:39 INFO instrumentation.MonitoredCounterGroup: Monitored counter group for type: SINK, name: k1: Successfully registered new MBean.
14/08/10 12:20:39 INFO instrumentation.MonitoredCounterGroup: Component type: SINK, name: k1 started
14/08/10 12:20:39 INFO source.SyslogTcpSource: Syslog TCP Source starting...
14/08/10 12:21:46 WARN source.SyslogUtils: Event created from Invalid Syslog data.
14/08/10 12:21:49 INFO hdfs.HDFSSequenceFile: writeFormat = Writable, UseRawLocalFileSystem = false
14/08/10 12:21:49 INFO hdfs.BucketWriter: Creating hdfs://m1:9000/user/flume/syslogtcp//Syslog.1407644509504.tmp
14/08/10 12:22:20 INFO hdfs.BucketWriter: Closing hdfs://m1:9000/user/flume/syslogtcp//Syslog.1407644509504.tmp
14/08/10 12:22:20 INFO hdfs.BucketWriter: Close tries incremented
14/08/10 12:22:20 INFO hdfs.BucketWriter: Renaming hdfs://m1:9000/user/flume/syslogtcp/Syslog.1407644509504.tmp to hdfs://m1:9000/user/flume/syslogtcp/Syslog.1407644509504
14/08/10 12:22:20 INFO hdfs.HDFSEventSink: Writer callback called.

      e)在m1上再打开一个窗口,去hadoop上检查文件是否生成

root@m1:/home/hadoop# /home/hadoop/hadoop-2.2.0/bin/hadoop fs -ls /user/flume/syslogtcp
Found 1 items
-rw-r--r--   3 root supergroup        155 2014-08-10 12:22 /user/flume/syslogtcp/Syslog.1407644509504
root@m1:/home/hadoop# /home/hadoop/hadoop-2.2.0/bin/hadoop fs -cat /user/flume/syslogtcp/Syslog.1407644509504
SEQ!org.apache.hadoop.io.LongWritable"org.apache.hadoop.io.BytesWritable^;>Gv$hello idoall flume -> hadoop testing one

案例7:File Roll Sink

      a)创建agent配置文件

root@m1:/home/hadoop# vi /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/conf/file_roll.conf

a1.sources = r1
a1.sinks = k1
a1.channels = c1

# Describe/configure the source
a1.sources.r1.type = syslogtcp
a1.sources.r1.port = 5555
a1.sources.r1.host = localhost
a1.sources.r1.channels = c1

# Describe the sink
a1.sinks.k1.type = file_roll
a1.sinks.k1.sink.directory = /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/logs

# Use a channel which buffers events in memory
a1.channels.c1.type = memory
a1.channels.c1.capacity = 1000
a1.channels.c1.transactionCapacity = 100

# Bind the source and sink to the channel
a1.sources.r1.channels = c1
a1.sinks.k1.channel = c1

      b)启动flume agent a1

root@m1:/home/hadoop# /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/bin/flume-ng agent -c . -f /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/conf/file_roll.conf -n a1 -Dflume.root.logger=INFO,console

      c)测试产生log

root@m1:/home/hadoop# echo "hello idoall.org syslog" | nc localhost 5555
root@m1:/home/hadoop# echo "hello idoall.org syslog 2" | nc localhost 5555

      d)查看/home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/logs下是否生成文件,默认每30秒生成一个新文件

root@m1:/home/hadoop# ll /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/logs
总用量 272
drwxr-xr-x 3 root root   4096 Aug 10 12:50 ./
drwxr-xr-x 9 root root   4096 Aug 10 10:59 ../
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root     50 Aug 10 12:49 1407646164782-1
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root      0 Aug 10 12:49 1407646164782-2
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root      0 Aug 10 12:50 1407646164782-3
root@m1:/home/hadoop# cat /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/logs/1407646164782-1 /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/logs/1407646164782-2
hello idoall.org syslog
hello idoall.org syslog 2

案例8:Replicating Channel Selector

    Flume支持Fan out流从一个源到多个通道。有两种模式的Fan out,分别是复制和复用。在复制的情况下,流的事件被发送到所有的配置通道。在复用的情况下,事件被发送到可用的渠道中的一个子集。Fan out流需要指定源和Fan out通道的规则。

    这次我们需要用到m1,m2两台机器

      a)在m1创建replicating_Channel_Selector配置文件

root@m1:/home/hadoop# vi /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/conf/replicating_Channel_Selector.conf
a1.sources = r1
a1.sinks = k1 k2
a1.channels = c1 c2

# Describe/configure the source
a1.sources.r1.type = syslogtcp
a1.sources.r1.port = 5140
a1.sources.r1.host = localhost
a1.sources.r1.channels = c1 c2
a1.sources.r1.selector.type = replicating

# Describe the sink
a1.sinks.k1.type = avro
a1.sinks.k1.channel = c1
a1.sinks.k1.hostname = m1
a1.sinks.k1.port = 5555

a1.sinks.k2.type = avro
a1.sinks.k2.channel = c2
a1.sinks.k2.hostname = m2
a1.sinks.k2.port = 5555

# Use a channel which buffers events in memory
a1.channels.c1.type = memory
a1.channels.c1.capacity = 1000
a1.channels.c1.transactionCapacity = 100

a1.channels.c2.type = memory
a1.channels.c2.capacity = 1000
a1.channels.c2.transactionCapacity = 100

      b)在m1创建replicating_Channel_Selector_avro配置文件

root@m1:/home/hadoop# vi /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/conf/replicating_Channel_Selector_avro.conf

a1.sources = r1
a1.sinks = k1
a1.channels = c1

# Describe/configure the source
a1.sources.r1.type = avro
a1.sources.r1.channels = c1
a1.sources.r1.bind = 0.0.0.0
a1.sources.r1.port = 5555

# Describe the sink
a1.sinks.k1.type = logger

# Use a channel which buffers events in memory
a1.channels.c1.type = memory
a1.channels.c1.capacity = 1000
a1.channels.c1.transactionCapacity = 100

# Bind the source and sink to the channel
a1.sources.r1.channels = c1
a1.sinks.k1.channel = c1

      c)在m1上将2个配置文件复制到m2上一份

root@m1:/home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin# scp -r /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/conf/replicating_Channel_Selector.conf root@m2:/home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/conf/replicating_Channel_Selector.conf
root@m1:/home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin# scp -r /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/conf/replicating_Channel_Selector_avro.conf root@m2:/home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/conf/replicating_Channel_Selector_avro.conf

      d)打开4个窗口,在m1和m2上同时启动两个flume agent

root@m1:/home/hadoop# /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/bin/flume-ng agent -c . -f /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/conf/replicating_Channel_Selector_avro.conf -n a1 -Dflume.root.logger=INFO,console
root@m1:/home/hadoop# /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/bin/flume-ng agent -c . -f /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/conf/replicating_Channel_Selector.conf -n a1 -Dflume.root.logger=INFO,console

      e)然后在m1或m2的任意一台机器上,测试产生syslog

root@m1:/home/hadoop# echo "hello idoall.org syslog" | nc localhost 5140

      f)在m1和m2的sink窗口,分别可以看到以下信息,这说明信息得到了同步:

14/08/10 14:08:18 INFO ipc.NettyServer: Connection to /192.168.1.51:46844 disconnected.
14/08/10 14:08:52 INFO ipc.NettyServer: [id: 0x90f8fe1f, /192.168.1.50:35873 => /192.168.1.50:5555] OPEN
14/08/10 14:08:52 INFO ipc.NettyServer: [id: 0x90f8fe1f, /192.168.1.50:35873 => /192.168.1.50:5555] BOUND: /192.168.1.50:5555
14/08/10 14:08:52 INFO ipc.NettyServer: [id: 0x90f8fe1f, /192.168.1.50:35873 => /192.168.1.50:5555] CONNECTED: /192.168.1.50:35873
14/08/10 14:08:59 INFO ipc.NettyServer: [id: 0xd6318635, /192.168.1.51:46858 => /192.168.1.50:5555] OPEN
14/08/10 14:08:59 INFO ipc.NettyServer: [id: 0xd6318635, /192.168.1.51:46858 => /192.168.1.50:5555] BOUND: /192.168.1.50:5555
14/08/10 14:08:59 INFO ipc.NettyServer: [id: 0xd6318635, /192.168.1.51:46858 => /192.168.1.50:5555] CONNECTED: /192.168.1.51:46858
14/08/10 14:09:20 INFO sink.LoggerSink: Event: { headers:{Severity=0, flume.syslog.status=Invalid, Facility=0} body: 68 65 6C 6C 6F 20 69 64 6F 61 6C 6C 2E 6F 72 67 hello idoall.org }

案例9:Multiplexing Channel Selector

      a)在m1创建Multiplexing_Channel_Selector配置文件

root@m1:/home/hadoop# vi /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/conf/Multiplexing_Channel_Selector.conf
a1.sources = r1
a1.sinks = k1 k2
a1.channels = c1 c2

# Describe/configure the source
a1.sources.r1.type = org.apache.flume.source.http.HTTPSource
a1.sources.r1.port = 5140
a1.sources.r1.channels = c1 c2
a1.sources.r1.selector.type = multiplexing

a1.sources.r1.selector.header = type
#映射允许每个值通道可以重叠。默认值可以包含任意数量的通道。
a1.sources.r1.selector.mapping.baidu = c1
a1.sources.r1.selector.mapping.ali = c2
a1.sources.r1.selector.default = c1

# Describe the sink
a1.sinks.k1.type = avro
a1.sinks.k1.channel = c1
a1.sinks.k1.hostname = m1
a1.sinks.k1.port = 5555

a1.sinks.k2.type = avro
a1.sinks.k2.channel = c2
a1.sinks.k2.hostname = m2
a1.sinks.k2.port = 5555

# Use a channel which buffers events in memory
a1.channels.c1.type = memory
a1.channels.c1.capacity = 1000
a1.channels.c1.transactionCapacity = 100

a1.channels.c2.type = memory
a1.channels.c2.capacity = 1000
a1.channels.c2.transactionCapacity = 100

      b)在m1创建Multiplexing_Channel_Selector_avro配置文件

root@m1:/home/hadoop# vi /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/conf/Multiplexing_Channel_Selector_avro.conf
a1.sources = r1
a1.sinks = k1
a1.channels = c1

# Describe/configure the source
a1.sources.r1.type = avro
a1.sources.r1.channels = c1
a1.sources.r1.bind = 0.0.0.0
a1.sources.r1.port = 5555

# Describe the sink
a1.sinks.k1.type = logger

# Use a channel which buffers events in memory
a1.channels.c1.type = memory
a1.channels.c1.capacity = 1000
a1.channels.c1.transactionCapacity = 100

# Bind the source and sink to the channel
a1.sources.r1.channels = c1
a1.sinks.k1.channel = c1

      c)将2个配置文件复制到m2上一份

root@m1:/home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin# scp -r /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/conf/Multiplexing_Channel_Selector.conf  root@m2:/home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/conf/Multiplexing_Channel_Selector.conf
root@m1:/home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin# scp -r /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/conf/Multiplexing_Channel_Selector_avro.conf root@m2:/home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/conf/Multiplexing_Channel_Selector_avro.conf

      d)打开4个窗口,在m1和m2上同时启动两个flume agent

root@m1:/home/hadoop# /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/bin/flume-ng agent -c . -f /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/conf/Multiplexing_Channel_Selector_avro.conf -n a1 -Dflume.root.logger=INFO,console
root@m1:/home/hadoop# /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/bin/flume-ng agent -c . -f /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/conf/Multiplexing_Channel_Selector.conf -n a1 -Dflume.root.logger=INFO,console

      e)然后在m1或m2的任意一台机器上,测试产生syslog

root@m1:/home/hadoop# curl -X POST -d '[{ "headers" :{"type" : "baidu"},"body" : "idoall_TEST1"}]' http://localhost:5140 && curl -X POST -d '[{ "headers" :{"type" : "ali"},"body" : "idoall_TEST2"}]' http://localhost:5140 && curl -X POST -d '[{ "headers" :{"type" : "qq"},"body" : "idoall_TEST3"}]' http://localhost:5140

      f)在m1的sink窗口,可以看到以下信息:

14/08/10 14:32:21 INFO node.Application: Starting Sink k1
14/08/10 14:32:21 INFO node.Application: Starting Source r1
14/08/10 14:32:21 INFO source.AvroSource: Starting Avro source r1: { bindAddress: 0.0.0.0, port: 5555 }...
14/08/10 14:32:21 INFO instrumentation.MonitoredCounterGroup: Monitored counter group for type: SOURCE, name: r1: Successfully registered new MBean.
14/08/10 14:32:21 INFO instrumentation.MonitoredCounterGroup: Component type: SOURCE, name: r1 started
14/08/10 14:32:21 INFO source.AvroSource: Avro source r1 started.
14/08/10 14:32:36 INFO ipc.NettyServer: [id: 0xcf00eea6, /192.168.1.50:35916 => /192.168.1.50:5555] OPEN
14/08/10 14:32:36 INFO ipc.NettyServer: [id: 0xcf00eea6, /192.168.1.50:35916 => /192.168.1.50:5555] BOUND: /192.168.1.50:5555
14/08/10 14:32:36 INFO ipc.NettyServer: [id: 0xcf00eea6, /192.168.1.50:35916 => /192.168.1.50:5555] CONNECTED: /192.168.1.50:35916
14/08/10 14:32:44 INFO ipc.NettyServer: [id: 0x432f5468, /192.168.1.51:46945 => /192.168.1.50:5555] OPEN
14/08/10 14:32:44 INFO ipc.NettyServer: [id: 0x432f5468, /192.168.1.51:46945 => /192.168.1.50:5555] BOUND: /192.168.1.50:5555
14/08/10 14:32:44 INFO ipc.NettyServer: [id: 0x432f5468, /192.168.1.51:46945 => /192.168.1.50:5555] CONNECTED: /192.168.1.51:46945
14/08/10 14:34:11 INFO sink.LoggerSink: Event: { headers:{type=baidu} body: 69 64 6F 61 6C 6C 5F 54 45 53 54 31             idoall_TEST1 }
14/08/10 14:34:57 INFO sink.LoggerSink: Event: { headers:{type=qq} body: 69 64 6F 61 6C 6C 5F 54 45 53 54 33             idoall_TEST3 }

      g)在m2的sink窗口,可以看到以下信息:

14/08/10 14:32:27 INFO node.Application: Starting Sink k1
14/08/10 14:32:27 INFO node.Application: Starting Source r1
14/08/10 14:32:27 INFO source.AvroSource: Starting Avro source r1: { bindAddress: 0.0.0.0, port: 5555 }...
14/08/10 14:32:27 INFO instrumentation.MonitoredCounterGroup: Monitored counter group for type: SOURCE, name: r1: Successfully registered new MBean.
14/08/10 14:32:27 INFO instrumentation.MonitoredCounterGroup: Component type: SOURCE, name: r1 started
14/08/10 14:32:27 INFO source.AvroSource: Avro source r1 started.
14/08/10 14:32:36 INFO ipc.NettyServer: [id: 0x7c2f0aec, /192.168.1.50:38104 => /192.168.1.51:5555] OPEN
14/08/10 14:32:36 INFO ipc.NettyServer: [id: 0x7c2f0aec, /192.168.1.50:38104 => /192.168.1.51:5555] BOUND: /192.168.1.51:5555
14/08/10 14:32:36 INFO ipc.NettyServer: [id: 0x7c2f0aec, /192.168.1.50:38104 => /192.168.1.51:5555] CONNECTED: /192.168.1.50:38104
14/08/10 14:32:44 INFO ipc.NettyServer: [id: 0x3d36f553, /192.168.1.51:48599 => /192.168.1.51:5555] OPEN
14/08/10 14:32:44 INFO ipc.NettyServer: [id: 0x3d36f553, /192.168.1.51:48599 => /192.168.1.51:5555] BOUND: /192.168.1.51:5555
14/08/10 14:32:44 INFO ipc.NettyServer: [id: 0x3d36f553, /192.168.1.51:48599 => /192.168.1.51:5555] CONNECTED: /192.168.1.51:48599
14/08/10 14:34:33 INFO sink.LoggerSink: Event: { headers:{type=ali} body: 69 64 6F 61 6C 6C 5F 54 45 53 54 32             idoall_TEST2 }

    可以看到,根据header中不同的条件分布到不同的channel上
    

案例10:Flume Sink Processors

    failover的机器是一直发送给其中一个sink,当这个sink不可用的时候,自动发送到下一个sink。

      a)在m1创建Flume_Sink_Processors配置文件

root@m1:/home/hadoop# vi /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/conf/Flume_Sink_Processors.conf
a1.sources = r1
a1.sinks = k1 k2
a1.channels = c1 c2

#这个是配置failover的关键,需要有一个sink group
a1.sinkgroups = g1
a1.sinkgroups.g1.sinks = k1 k2
#处理的类型是failover
a1.sinkgroups.g1.processor.type = failover
#优先级,数字越大优先级越高,每个sink的优先级必须不相同
a1.sinkgroups.g1.processor.priority.k1 = 5
a1.sinkgroups.g1.processor.priority.k2 = 10
#设置为10秒,当然可以根据你的实际状况更改成更快或者很慢
a1.sinkgroups.g1.processor.maxpenalty = 10000

# Describe/configure the source
a1.sources.r1.type = syslogtcp
a1.sources.r1.port = 5140
a1.sources.r1.channels = c1 c2
a1.sources.r1.selector.type = replicating


# Describe the sink
a1.sinks.k1.type = avro
a1.sinks.k1.channel = c1
a1.sinks.k1.hostname = m1
a1.sinks.k1.port = 5555

a1.sinks.k2.type = avro
a1.sinks.k2.channel = c2
a1.sinks.k2.hostname = m2
a1.sinks.k2.port = 5555

# Use a channel which buffers events in memory
a1.channels.c1.type = memory
a1.channels.c1.capacity = 1000
a1.channels.c1.transactionCapacity = 100

a1.channels.c2.type = memory
a1.channels.c2.capacity = 1000
a1.channels.c2.transactionCapacity = 100

      b)在m1创建Flume_Sink_Processors_avro配置文件

root@m1:/home/hadoop# vi /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/conf/Flume_Sink_Processors_avro.conf
a1.sources = r1
a1.sinks = k1
a1.channels = c1

# Describe/configure the source
a1.sources.r1.type = avro
a1.sources.r1.channels = c1
a1.sources.r1.bind = 0.0.0.0
a1.sources.r1.port = 5555

# Describe the sink
a1.sinks.k1.type = logger

# Use a channel which buffers events in memory
a1.channels.c1.type = memory
a1.channels.c1.capacity = 1000
a1.channels.c1.transactionCapacity = 100

# Bind the source and sink to the channel
a1.sources.r1.channels = c1
a1.sinks.k1.channel = c1

      c)将2个配置文件复制到m2上一份

root@m1:/home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin# scp -r /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/conf/Flume_Sink_Processors.conf  root@m2:/home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/conf/Flume_Sink_Processors.conf
root@m1:/home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin# scp -r /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/conf/Flume_Sink_Processors_avro.conf root@m2:/home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/conf/Flume_Sink_Processors_avro.conf

      d)打开4个窗口,在m1和m2上同时启动两个flume agent

root@m1:/home/hadoop# /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/bin/flume-ng agent -c . -f /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/conf/Flume_Sink_Processors_avro.conf -n a1 -Dflume.root.logger=INFO,console
root@m1:/home/hadoop# /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/bin/flume-ng agent -c . -f /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/conf/Flume_Sink_Processors.conf -n a1 -Dflume.root.logger=INFO,console

      e)然后在m1或m2的任意一台机器上,测试产生log

root@m1:/home/hadoop# echo "idoall.org test1 failover" | nc localhost 5140

      f)因为m2的优先级高,所以在m2的sink窗口,可以看到以下信息,而m1没有:

14/08/10 15:02:46 INFO ipc.NettyServer: Connection to /192.168.1.51:48692 disconnected.
14/08/10 15:03:12 INFO ipc.NettyServer: [id: 0x09a14036, /192.168.1.51:48704 => /192.168.1.51:5555] OPEN
14/08/10 15:03:12 INFO ipc.NettyServer: [id: 0x09a14036, /192.168.1.51:48704 => /192.168.1.51:5555] BOUND: /192.168.1.51:5555
14/08/10 15:03:12 INFO ipc.NettyServer: [id: 0x09a14036, /192.168.1.51:48704 => /192.168.1.51:5555] CONNECTED: /192.168.1.51:48704
14/08/10 15:03:26 INFO sink.LoggerSink: Event: { headers:{Severity=0, flume.syslog.status=Invalid, Facility=0} body: 69 64 6F 61 6C 6C 2E 6F 72 67 20 74 65 73 74 31 idoall.org test1 }

      g)这时我们停止掉m2机器上的sink(ctrl+c),再次输出测试数据

root@m1:/home/hadoop# echo "idoall.org test2 failover" | nc localhost 5140

      h)可以在m1的sink窗口,看到读取到了刚才发送的两条测试数据:

14/08/10 15:02:46 INFO ipc.NettyServer: Connection to /192.168.1.51:47036 disconnected.
14/08/10 15:03:12 INFO ipc.NettyServer: [id: 0xbcf79851, /192.168.1.51:47048 => /192.168.1.50:5555] OPEN
14/08/10 15:03:12 INFO ipc.NettyServer: [id: 0xbcf79851, /192.168.1.51:47048 => /192.168.1.50:5555] BOUND: /192.168.1.50:5555
14/08/10 15:03:12 INFO ipc.NettyServer: [id: 0xbcf79851, /192.168.1.51:47048 => /192.168.1.50:5555] CONNECTED: /192.168.1.51:47048
14/08/10 15:07:56 INFO sink.LoggerSink: Event: { headers:{Severity=0, flume.syslog.status=Invalid, Facility=0} body: 69 64 6F 61 6C 6C 2E 6F 72 67 20 74 65 73 74 31 idoall.org test1 }
14/08/10 15:07:56 INFO sink.LoggerSink: Event: { headers:{Severity=0, flume.syslog.status=Invalid, Facility=0} body: 69 64 6F 61 6C 6C 2E 6F 72 67 20 74 65 73 74 32 idoall.org test2 }

      i)我们再在m2的sink窗口中,启动sink:

root@m1:/home/hadoop# /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/bin/flume-ng agent -c . -f /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/conf/Flume_Sink_Processors_avro.conf -n a1 -Dflume.root.logger=INFO,console

      j)输入两批测试数据:

root@m1:/home/hadoop# echo "idoall.org test3 failover" | nc localhost 5140 && echo "idoall.org test4 failover" | nc localhost 5140

     k)在m2的sink窗口,我们可以看到以下信息,因为优先级的关系,log消息会再次落到m2上:

14/08/10 15:09:47 INFO node.Application: Starting Sink k1
14/08/10 15:09:47 INFO node.Application: Starting Source r1
14/08/10 15:09:47 INFO source.AvroSource: Starting Avro source r1: { bindAddress: 0.0.0.0, port: 5555 }...
14/08/10 15:09:47 INFO instrumentation.MonitoredCounterGroup: Monitored counter group for type: SOURCE, name: r1: Successfully registered new MBean.
14/08/10 15:09:47 INFO instrumentation.MonitoredCounterGroup: Component type: SOURCE, name: r1 started
14/08/10 15:09:47 INFO source.AvroSource: Avro source r1 started.
14/08/10 15:09:54 INFO ipc.NettyServer: [id: 0x96615732, /192.168.1.51:48741 => /192.168.1.51:5555] OPEN
14/08/10 15:09:54 INFO ipc.NettyServer: [id: 0x96615732, /192.168.1.51:48741 => /192.168.1.51:5555] BOUND: /192.168.1.51:5555
14/08/10 15:09:54 INFO ipc.NettyServer: [id: 0x96615732, /192.168.1.51:48741 => /192.168.1.51:5555] CONNECTED: /192.168.1.51:48741
14/08/10 15:09:57 INFO sink.LoggerSink: Event: { headers:{Severity=0, flume.syslog.status=Invalid, Facility=0} body: 69 64 6F 61 6C 6C 2E 6F 72 67 20 74 65 73 74 32 idoall.org test2 }
14/08/10 15:10:43 INFO ipc.NettyServer: [id: 0x12621f9a, /192.168.1.50:38166 => /192.168.1.51:5555] OPEN
14/08/10 15:10:43 INFO ipc.NettyServer: [id: 0x12621f9a, /192.168.1.50:38166 => /192.168.1.51:5555] BOUND: /192.168.1.51:5555
14/08/10 15:10:43 INFO ipc.NettyServer: [id: 0x12621f9a, /192.168.1.50:38166 => /192.168.1.51:5555] CONNECTED: /192.168.1.50:38166
14/08/10 15:10:43 INFO sink.LoggerSink: Event: { headers:{Severity=0, flume.syslog.status=Invalid, Facility=0} body: 69 64 6F 61 6C 6C 2E 6F 72 67 20 74 65 73 74 33 idoall.org test3 }
14/08/10 15:10:43 INFO sink.LoggerSink: Event: { headers:{Severity=0, flume.syslog.status=Invalid, Facility=0} body: 69 64 6F 61 6C 6C 2E 6F 72 67 20 74 65 73 74 34 idoall.org test4 }

案例11:Load balancing Sink Processor

    load balance type和failover不同的地方是,load balance有两个配置,一个是轮询,一个是随机。两种情况下如果被选择的sink不可用,就会自动尝试发送到下一个可用的sink上面。

      a)在m1创建Load_balancing_Sink_Processors配置文件

root@m1:/home/hadoop# vi /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/conf/Load_balancing_Sink_Processors.conf
a1.sources = r1
a1.sinks = k1 k2
a1.channels = c1

#这个是配置Load balancing的关键,需要有一个sink group
a1.sinkgroups = g1
a1.sinkgroups.g1.sinks = k1 k2
a1.sinkgroups.g1.processor.type = load_balance
a1.sinkgroups.g1.processor.backoff = true
a1.sinkgroups.g1.processor.selector = round_robin

# Describe/configure the source
a1.sources.r1.type = syslogtcp
a1.sources.r1.port = 5140
a1.sources.r1.channels = c1


# Describe the sink
a1.sinks.k1.type = avro
a1.sinks.k1.channel = c1
a1.sinks.k1.hostname = m1
a1.sinks.k1.port = 5555

a1.sinks.k2.type = avro
a1.sinks.k2.channel = c1
a1.sinks.k2.hostname = m2
a1.sinks.k2.port = 5555

# Use a channel which buffers events in memory
a1.channels.c1.type = memory
a1.channels.c1.capacity = 1000
a1.channels.c1.transactionCapacity = 100

      b)在m1创建Load_balancing_Sink_Processors_avro配置文件

root@m1:/home/hadoop# vi /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/conf/Load_balancing_Sink_Processors_avro.conf
a1.sources = r1
a1.sinks = k1
a1.channels = c1

# Describe/configure the source
a1.sources.r1.type = avro
a1.sources.r1.channels = c1
a1.sources.r1.bind = 0.0.0.0
a1.sources.r1.port = 5555

# Describe the sink
a1.sinks.k1.type = logger

# Use a channel which buffers events in memory
a1.channels.c1.type = memory
a1.channels.c1.capacity = 1000
a1.channels.c1.transactionCapacity = 100

# Bind the source and sink to the channel
a1.sources.r1.channels = c1
a1.sinks.k1.channel = c1

      c)将2个配置文件复制到m2上一份

root@m1:/home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin# scp -r /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/conf/Load_balancing_Sink_Processors.conf  root@m2:/home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/conf/Load_balancing_Sink_Processors.conf
root@m1:/home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin# scp -r /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/conf/Load_balancing_Sink_Processors_avro.conf root@m2:/home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/conf/Load_balancing_Sink_Processors_avro.conf

      d)打开4个窗口,在m1和m2上同时启动两个flume agent

root@m1:/home/hadoop# /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/bin/flume-ng agent -c . -f /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/conf/Load_balancing_Sink_Processors_avro.conf -n a1 -Dflume.root.logger=INFO,console
root@m1:/home/hadoop# /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/bin/flume-ng agent -c . -f /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/conf/Load_balancing_Sink_Processors.conf -n a1 -Dflume.root.logger=INFO,console

      e)然后在m1或m2的任意一台机器上,测试产生log,一行一行输入,输入太快,容易落到一台机器上

root@m1:/home/hadoop# echo "idoall.org test1" | nc localhost 5140
root@m1:/home/hadoop# echo "idoall.org test2" | nc localhost 5140
root@m1:/home/hadoop# echo "idoall.org test3" | nc localhost 5140
root@m1:/home/hadoop# echo "idoall.org test4" | nc localhost 5140

      f)在m1的sink窗口,可以看到以下信息

14/08/10 15:35:29 INFO sink.LoggerSink: Event: { headers:{Severity=0, flume.syslog.status=Invalid, Facility=0} body: 69 64 6F 61 6C 6C 2E 6F 72 67 20 74 65 73 74 32 idoall.org test2 }
14/08/10 15:35:33 INFO sink.LoggerSink: Event: { headers:{Severity=0, flume.syslog.status=Invalid, Facility=0} body: 69 64 6F 61 6C 6C 2E 6F 72 67 20 74 65 73 74 34 idoall.org test4 }

      g)在m2的sink窗口,可以看到以下信息:

14/08/10 15:35:27 INFO sink.LoggerSink: Event: { headers:{Severity=0, flume.syslog.status=Invalid, Facility=0} body: 69 64 6F 61 6C 6C 2E 6F 72 67 20 74 65 73 74 31 idoall.org test1 }
14/08/10 15:35:29 INFO sink.LoggerSink: Event: { headers:{Severity=0, flume.syslog.status=Invalid, Facility=0} body: 69 64 6F 61 6C 6C 2E 6F 72 67 20 74 65 73 74 33 idoall.org test3 }

    说明轮询模式起到了作用。
    

案例12:Hbase sink

      a)在测试之前,请先参考《ubuntu12.04+hadoop2.2.0+zookeeper3.4.5+hbase0.96.2+hive0.13.1分布式环境部署》将hbase启动

      b)然后将以下文件复制到flume中:

cp /home/hadoop/hbase-0.96.2-hadoop2/lib/protobuf-java-2.5.0.jar /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/lib
cp /home/hadoop/hbase-0.96.2-hadoop2/lib/hbase-client-0.96.2-hadoop2.jar /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/lib
cp /home/hadoop/hbase-0.96.2-hadoop2/lib/hbase-common-0.96.2-hadoop2.jar /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/lib
cp /home/hadoop/hbase-0.96.2-hadoop2/lib/hbase-protocol-0.96.2-hadoop2.jar /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/lib
cp /home/hadoop/hbase-0.96.2-hadoop2/lib/hbase-server-0.96.2-hadoop2.jar /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/lib
cp /home/hadoop/hbase-0.96.2-hadoop2/lib/hbase-hadoop2-compat-0.96.2-hadoop2.jar /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/lib
cp /home/hadoop/hbase-0.96.2-hadoop2/lib/hbase-hadoop-compat-0.96.2-hadoop2.jar /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/lib@@@
cp /home/hadoop/hbase-0.96.2-hadoop2/lib/htrace-core-2.04.jar /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/lib

      c)确保test_idoall_org表在hbase中已经存在,test_idoall_org表的格式以及字段请参考《ubuntu12.04+hadoop2.2.0+zookeeper3.4.5+hbase0.96.2+hive0.13.1分布式环境部署》中关于hbase部分的建表代码。

      d)在m1创建hbase_simple配置文件
      

root@m1:/home/hadoop# vi /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/conf/hbase_simple.conf
a1.sources = r1
a1.sinks = k1
a1.channels = c1

# Describe/configure the source
a1.sources.r1.type = syslogtcp
a1.sources.r1.port = 5140
a1.sources.r1.host = localhost
a1.sources.r1.channels = c1

# Describe the sink
a1.sinks.k1.type = logger
a1.sinks.k1.type = hbase
a1.sinks.k1.table = test_idoall_org
a1.sinks.k1.columnFamily = name
a1.sinks.k1.column = idoall
a1.sinks.k1.serializer =  org.apache.flume.sink.hbase.RegexHbaseEventSerializer
a1.sinks.k1.channel = memoryChannel

# Use a channel which buffers events in memory
a1.channels.c1.type = memory
a1.channels.c1.capacity = 1000
a1.channels.c1.transactionCapacity = 100

# Bind the source and sink to the channel
a1.sources.r1.channels = c1
a1.sinks.k1.channel = c1

      e)启动flume agent

/home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/bin/flume-ng agent -c . -f /home/hadoop/flume-1.5.0-bin/conf/hbase_simple.conf -n a1 -Dflume.root.logger=INFO,console

      f)测试产生syslog

root@m1:/home/hadoop# echo "hello idoall.org from flume" | nc localhost 5140

      g)这时登录到hbase中,可以发现新数据已经插入

root@m1:/home/hadoop# /home/hadoop/hbase-0.96.2-hadoop2/bin/hbase shell
2014-08-10 16:09:48,984 INFO  [main] Configuration.deprecation: hadoop.native.lib is deprecated. Instead, use io.native.lib.available
HBase Shell; enter 'help<RETURN>' for list of supported commands.
Type "exit<RETURN>" to leave the HBase Shell
Version 0.96.2-hadoop2, r1581096, Mon Mar 24 16:03:18 PDT 2014

hbase(main):001:0> list
TABLE                                                                                                                                                                                                                  
SLF4J: Class path contains multiple SLF4J bindings.
SLF4J: Found binding in [jar:file:/home/hadoop/hbase-0.96.2-hadoop2/lib/slf4j-log4j12-1.6.4.jar!/org/slf4j/impl/StaticLoggerBinder.class]
SLF4J: Found binding in [jar:file:/home/hadoop/hadoop-2.2.0/share/hadoop/common/lib/slf4j-log4j12-1.7.5.jar!/org/slf4j/impl/StaticLoggerBinder.class]
SLF4J: See http://www.slf4j.org/codes.html#multiple_bindings for an explanation.
hbase2hive_idoall                                                                                                                                                                                                      
hive2hbase_idoall                                                                                                                                                                                                      
test_idoall_org                                                                                                                                                                                                        
3 row(s) in 2.6880 seconds

=> ["hbase2hive_idoall", "hive2hbase_idoall", "test_idoall_org"]
hbase(main):002:0> scan "test_idoall_org"
ROW                                                    COLUMN+CELL                                                                                                                                                     
 10086                                                 column=name:idoall, timestamp=1406424831473, value=idoallvalue                                                                                                  
1 row(s) in 0.0550 seconds

hbase(main):003:0> scan "test_idoall_org"
ROW                                                    COLUMN+CELL                                                                                                                                                     
 10086                                                 column=name:idoall, timestamp=1406424831473, value=idoallvalue                                                                                                  
 1407658495588-XbQCOZrKK8-0                            column=name:payload, timestamp=1407658498203, value=hello idoall.org from flume                                                                                 
2 row(s) in 0.0200 seconds

hbase(main):004:0> quit

    经过这么多flume的例子测试,如果你全部做完后,会发现flume的功能真的很强大,可以进行各种搭配来完成你想要的工作,俗话说师傅领进门,修行在个人,如何能够结合你的产品业务,将flume更好的应用起来,快去动手实践吧。

    这篇文章做为一个笔记,希望能够对刚入门的同学起到帮助作用。
    

    

博文作者:迦壹
博客地址:Flume1.5.0的安装、部署、简单应用(含伪分布式、与hadoop2.2.0、hbase0.96的案例)
写作时间:2014-08-10 18:29
转载声明:可以转载, 但必须以超链接形式标 明文章原始出处和作者信息及版权声明,谢谢合作!


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